|Livingstone's Eland, Taurotragus oryx
Ngorongorno crater, Tanzania.
There are several subspecies of
which I believe the pictured one is the East African Eland, (T.o.pattersonianus).
Eland is the king of Antelopes and give
a very heavy impression. The male weight 700-1000kg. The color is
uniform, fawn or tawny, sometimes with stripes on the sides. The characteristic
horns are slightly diverging and massive with a screw-like
spiral at the lower part. The females are similar to the male but
smaller and the horns are lighter but longer.
The Eland are gregarious and lives in herds of 25-75 heads with
one or two bulls, but old bulls may live solitary. They lives on open
plains or savannas, also in the highland areas up to an altitude of 4500
meters. They often assemble with Gemsbock and Zebras. In spite of their
weight they are able to leap up to 2,5 meter in height, and they can jump
over each other from a standing start.
They are mostly browsers and feed on leaves and bushes but they also
dig for bulbs and roots. Eland are quite independent of water but drinks
freely when it is available. They move around during all seasons but
especially during the dry period.